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croplands and pastures ; and 4 emissions and removals of CO2 in soil associated with land-use change and management. Withdrawals for agriculture and industry are total withdrawals for irrigation and livestock production and for direct industrial use including for cooling thermoelectric plants. A separate series is available for extrapolated estimates based on the latest ICP round. The targets are usually the military itself and its installations or state institutions and state representatives, but there is often substantial collateral damage in the form of civilians being killed in crossfire, in indiscriminate bombings, etc. The Laspeyres formula is generally used. Communicable diseases and maternal, prenatal and nutrition conditions include infectious and parasitic diseases, respiratory infections, and nutritional deficiencies such as underweight and stunting. The volume of GDP is the sum of value added, measured at constant prices, by households, government, and industries operating in the economy. Examples of other banking institutions are savings and mortgage loan institutions and building and loan associations. The food deficit, in kilocalories per person per day, is measured by comparing the average amount of dietary energy that undernourished people get from the foods they eat with the minimum amount of dietary energy they need to maintain body weight and undertake light activity. Net incurrence of liabilities is domestic financing obtained from residents and foreign financing obtained from nonresidents , or the means by which a government provides financial resources to cover a budget deficit or allocates financial resources arising from a budget surplus. Please note that this feature requires full activation of your account and is not permitted during the free trial period. Because of differences in reporting years and methodologies, these data are not generally considered comparable across countries. Purchasing power parity PPP GDP is GDP converted to 2011 constant international dollars using PPP rates. Private markets are the engine of productivity growth, creating productive jobs and higher incomes. Non-communicable diseases include cancer, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases, digestive diseases, skin diseases, musculoskeletal diseases, and congenital anomalies. These receipts include any other prepayment made for goods or services received in the destination country. Population affected is the number of people injured, left homeless or requiring immediate assistance during a period of emergency resulting from a natural disaster; it can also include displaced or evacuated people. Staff compensation includes salaries, contributions by employers for staff retirement programs, and other allowances and benefits. Household final consumption expenditure is the market value of all goods and services, including durable products such as cars, washing machines, and home computers , purchased by households. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. Several international agencies process trade data, each correcting unreported or misreported data, leading to other differences. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Because performance indicators vary widely by transport mode and focus whether physical infrastructure or the services flowing from that infrastructure , highly specialized and carefully specified indicators are required. Top manager refers to the highest ranking manager or CEO of the establishment. It includes compensation of employees, interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends. km of arable land","type":"double","description":"Agricultural machinery refers to the number of wheel and crawler tractors excluding garden tractors in use in agriculture at the end of the calendar year specified or during the first quarter of the following year. Main sectors, as defined by ISIC standards, include agriculture; forestry and fishing; manufacturing; electricity industry; and services. This item includes disbursements on long-term debt and IMF purchases. It is the gross amount of government liabilities reduced by the amount of equity and financial derivatives held by the government. Energy intensity is an indication of how much energy is used to produce one unit of economic output. Current expenditure is consumed within the current year and would have to be renewed if needed in the following year. As a result, some countries that are net donors such as Saudi Arabia are shown as aid recipients. This series differs from the standard debt to exports series. Financial aid to students and other transfers are excluded from direct expenditure. Conversely, persistently negative adjusted net savings indicate that an economy is on an unsustainable path. Withdraws also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops. However, differences in legislation do exist, notably in China which provides for a 10-year term from the application date. The holder of a registered industrial design has exclusive rights against unauthorized copying or imitation of the design by third parties. For many countries data cover the total number of loan accounts due to lack of information on loan account holders. A high ranking means that the regulatory environment is conducive to business operation. Electrification data are collected from industry, national surveys and international sources. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. To obtain the average, the grace periods for all public and publicly guaranteed loans have been weighted by the amounts of the loans. A score of 80 in 2013 would indicate the economy is improving. If the value added of these sectors is calculated at purchaser values, gross value added at factor cost is derived by subtracting net product taxes from GDP. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. Grace period for principal is the period from the date of signature of the loan or the issue of the financial instrument to the first repayment of principal. Short-term external debt is defined as debt that has an original maturity of one year or less. Recent Searches. Modern methods of contraception include female and male sterilization, oral hormonal pills, the intra-uterine device IUD , the male condom, injectables, the implant including Norplant , vaginal barrier methods, the female condom and emergency contraception. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced , and, in this capacity, have engaged, on a continuous basis, one or more persons to work for them as employee s. It excludes purchases of dwellings but includes imputed rent for owner-occupied dwellings. The database contains 1,400 time series indicators for 217 economies and more than 40 country groups, with data for many indicators going back more than 50 years. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. A child is considered adequately immunized after three doses. And with government playing a complementary role of regulation, funding, and service provision, private initiative and investment can help provide the basic services and conditions that empower poor people - by improving health, education, and infrastructure. GDP per capita is product divided by midyear population. PPP GNI is gross national income GNI converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. Real GDP is adjusted for inflation. The 2009 round included more than 13,000 respondents from 133 countries. This item includes principal repayments on long-term debt and IMF repurchases. For some countries, firm-level panel data are available, making it possible to track changes in the business environment over time. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. For example, a score of 75 in 2012 means an economy was 25 percentage points away from the frontier constructed from the best performances across all economies and across time. Poverty measures based on an international poverty line attempt to hold the real value of the poverty line constant across countries, including when making comparisons over time. The index generates a value of 100 for the country with the highest average index in 2004. Individuals or small groups usually commit homicide, whereas killing in armed conflict is usually committed by fairly cohesive groups of up to several hundred members and is thus usually excluded. In economies with imperfect markets, or where reported nominal rates are not indicative of effective rates, it may be difficult to obtain data on interest rates that reflect actual market transactions. It includes hydropower and nuclear, geothermal, and solar power, among others. It is calculated as an annual average based on monthly averages local currency units relative to the U. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid in the military expenditures of the donor country. It is usually measured for married women ages 15-49 only. Extreme temperature events are either cold waves or heat waves. They also may include receipts from same-day visitors, except in cases where these are so important as to justify a separate classification. For the purpose of data dissemination, FAO has adopted the concept of a calendar year January to December. Under WHO guidelines, kerosene is excluded from clean cooking fuels. Thus, it may not be comparable with other national accounts series in the database for historical years. This conversion factor is for private consumption i. km ","type":"double","description":"Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems and trees in urban parks and gardens. Gross national income is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes less subsidies not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income compensation of employees and property income from abroad. The Gini index measures the area between the Lorenz curve and a hypothetical line of absolute equality, expressed as a percentage of the maximum area under the line. - -• External sources either flow through the government scheme or are channeled through non-governmental organizations or other schemes. It includes staff compensation and current expenditure other than for staff compensation ex. km ","type":"double","description":"Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration. Total assets include all nonfinancial and financial assets. A cold wave can be both a prolonged period of excessively cold weather and the sudden invasion of very cold air over a large area. ZK include loans to central government institutions net of deposits. Typically, battle-related deaths occur in warfare involving the armed forces of the warring parties. ZF include gross credit from the financial system to individuals, enterprises, nonfinancial public entities not included under net domestic credit, and financial institutions not included elsewhere. For some countries they do not include expenditures for passenger transport items. Some countries compile fertilizer data on a calendar year basis, while others are on a split-year basis. The most common form of tariff is an ad valorem duty, based on the value of the import, but tariffs may also be levied on a specific, or per unit, basis or may combine ad valorem and specific rates. Estimates include both direct and indirect beneficiaries. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. Industry corresponds to the International Standard Industrial Classification ISIC tabulation categories C-F revision 3 or tabulation categories B-F revision 4 , and includes mining and quarrying including oil production , manufacturing, construction, and public utilities electricity, gas, and water. Employment data include both full-time and part-time workers. This indicator does not include investment companies, mutual funds, or other collective investment vehicles. For some countries they do not include receipts for passenger transport items. Data are for the most recent year available for 1987-2002. Expense is cash payments for government operating activities in providing goods and services. Many countries report trade data in U. It covers only long-term public and publicly guaranteed debt and repayments repurchases and charges to the IMF. Standardized surveys are conducted all over the world, and data are available on more than 100,000 firms in 118 countries. Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport. When countries report in local currency, the United Nations Statistics Division applies the average official exchange rate to the U. The banking sector includes monetary authorities and deposit money banks, as well as other banking institutions where data are available including institutions that do not accept transferable deposits but do incur such liabilities as time and savings deposits. This item includes interest paid on long-term debt, IMF charges, and interest paid on short-term debt. Their share in imports is calculated as a ratio to imports of goods and services, which comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents of general merchandise, goods sent for processing and repairs, nonmonetary gold, and services. A child is considered adequately immunized against diphtheria, pertussis or whooping cough , and tetanus DPT after receiving three doses of vaccine. Excluded is the international carriage of travelers, which is covered in passenger travel items. Average percentage of population affected is calculated by dividing the sum of total affected for the period stated by the sum of the annual population figures for the period stated. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Intentional homicide does not include all intentional killing; the difference is usually in the organization of the killing. Purchases are converted at the average SDR exchange rate for the year in which transactions take place. National poverty lines tend to have higher purchasing power in rich countries, where standards used are more generous than in poor countries. These include changes in holdings of monetary gold, SDRs, foreign exchange assets, reserve position in the International Monetary Fund, and other claims on nonresidents that are available to the central authority. The aim is to measure the total burden of preparing the bundle of documents that will enable completion of the international trade for the product and partner pair assumed in the case study. It corresponds to major group 1 in both ISCO-08 and ISCO-88 minus category 14 in ISCO-08 hospitality, retail and other services managers and minus category 13 in ISCO-88 general managers , since these comprise mainly managers of small enterprises. For Annex-I countries under the UNFCCC, these data are drawn from the annual GHG inventories submitted to the UNFCCC by each country; for non-Annex-I countries, data are drawn from the most recently submitted National Communication where available. Post-paid and prepaid subscriptions are included. Also included are passenger services performed within an economy by nonresident carriers. For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another. Precipitation is defined as any kind of water that falls from clouds as a liquid or a solid. Resident application refers to an application filed with the IP office of or acting on behalf of the state or jurisdiction in which the first-named applicant in the application has residence. Along with frost it can cause damage to agriculture, infrastructure, and property. It is used as a measure of the overall cost of borrowing. This series has been linked to produce a consistent time series to counteract breaks in series over time due to changes in base years, source data and methodologies. Assumptions about the traded goods: The traded product travels in a dry-cargo, 20-foot, full container load. Interest capitalized is the interest that became part of the stock of debt due to a rescheduling operation. Three measures of average tariffs are shown: simple bound rates and the simple and the weighted tariffs. They refer to the ornamental or aesthetic aspects of a useful article, including compositions of lines or colors or any three-dimensional forms that give a special appearance to a product or handicraft. The time and cost for this segment include time and cost for customs clearance and inspection procedures conducted by other government agencies. From 2001, these countries include the Euro area, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Exports are recorded as the cost of the goods delivered to the frontier of the exporting country for shipment - the free on board f. Beginning in 1985 this line includes the change in stock of short-term debt including interest arrears for long-term debt. For each of 16 criteria countries are rated on a scale of 1 low to 6 high. Withdrawals for domestic uses include drinking water, municipal use or supply, and use for public services, commercial establishments, and homes. Total external debt is the sum of public, publicly guaranteed, and private nonguaranteed long-term debt, use of IMF credit, and short-term debt. Aquaculture production specifically refers to output from aquaculture activities, which are designated for final harvest for consumption. For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another. Domestic private sources include funds from households, corporations and non-profit organizations. The survey covers 11 dimensions of the business environment, including regulation, corruption, crime, informality, finance, infrastructure, and trade. Estimates of current health expenditures include healthcare goods and services consumed during each year. - -• PPP GDP is product converted to 2011 constant international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. Data are in million metric tons. In addition to the services covered by passenger fares--including fares that are a part of package tours but excluding cruise fares, which are included in travel--passenger services include such items as charges for excess baggage, vehicles, or other personal accompanying effects and expenditures for food, drink, or other items for which passengers make expenditures while on board carriers. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Repurchases flows are converted at the average SDR exchange rate for the year in which transactions take place. Total debt is the entire stock of direct government fixed-term contractual obligations to others outstanding on a particular date. Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. The data are on a disbursement basis and cover flows from all bilateral and multilateral donors. A flood is a significant rise of water level in a stream, lake, reservoir or coastal region. PPP GDP is product converted to current international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. All the fees associated with completing the procedures to export or import the goods are included. Short-term debt includes all debt having an original maturity of one year or less and interest in arrears on long-term debt. The Hyogo Framework is a global blueprint for disaster risk reduction efforts that was adopted by 168 countries in 2005. IMF purchases are total drawings on the General Resources Account of the IMF during the year specified, excluding drawings in the reserve tranche. External sources are composed of direct foreign transfers and foreign transfers distributed by government encompassing all financial inflows into the national health system from outside the country. Self-employed street vendors, taxi drivers and home-base workers, regardless of size, are all considered enterprises. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. Revenue is cash receipts from taxes, social contributions, and other revenues such as fines, fees, rent, and income from property or sales. dollars at official exchange rates for comparisons across economies, although an alternative rate is used when the official exchange rate is judged to diverge by an exceptionally large margin from the rate actually applied in international transactions. This applies a conversion factor that averages the exchange rate for a given year and the two preceding years, adjusted for differences in rates of inflation between the country, and through 2000, the G-5 countries France, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Commitments cover the total amount of loans for which contracts were signed in the year specified. A negative value indicates that the country is a net exporter. Assessments report the extent and causes of poverty and propose strategies to reduce it. Withdrawals for agriculture and industry are total withdrawals for irrigation and livestock production and for direct industrial use including withdrawals for cooling thermoelectric plants. These expenditures may include those by residents traveling abroad as same-day visitors, except in cases where these are important enough to justify separate classification. In some economies interest rates are set by regulation or administrative fiat. Data are in current local currency. The International Monetary Fund IMF also collects customs-based data on trade in goods. The final year refers to the most recent survey available between 2011 and 2015. on teaching materials, ancillary services and administration. The initial year refers to the nearest survey collected 5 years before the most recent survey available, only surveys collected between 3 and 7 years before the most recent survey are considered. The Internet can be used via a computer, mobile phone, personal digital assistant, games machine, digital TV etc. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. This includes traditional battlefield fighting, guerrilla activities, and all kinds of bombardments of military units, cities, and villages, etc. In most cases beds for both acute and chronic care are included. These receipts should include any other prepayment made for goods or services received in the destination country. ; 2 conversion of existing forests and natural grasslands to other land uses; 3 removal of CO2 from the abandonment of formerly managed lands e. Industrial design registrations are valid for a limited period. Publicly guaranteed debt is an external obligation of a private debtor that is guaranteed for repayment by a public entity. This series shows net inflows new investment inflows less disinvestment in the reporting economy from foreign investors, and is divided by GDP. It includes domestic and foreign liabilities such as currency and money deposits, securities other than shares, and loans. Historical estimates are provided for the 2005 benchmark year only. This series shows total net, that is, net FDI in the reporting economy from foreign sources less net FDI by the reporting economy to the rest of the world. PPP GDP is product converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. Production quantities of each commodity are weighted by average international commodity prices in the base period and summed for each year. For some countries these claims include credit to public enterprises. Data on merchandise trade are from customs reports of goods moving into or out of an economy or from reports of financial transactions related to merchandise trade recorded in the balance of payments. The cost measure does not include tariffs or trade taxes. Non-resident application refers to an application filed with the IP office of or acting on behalf of a state or jurisdiction in which the first-named applicant in the application is not domiciled. It is derived by subtracting debt forgiven and debt stock reduction from debt buyback. GNI, calculated in national currency, is usually converted to U. Value added is the value of the gross output of producers less the value of intermediate goods and services consumed in production, before accounting for consumption of fixed capital in production. dollar would buy in the United States. It includes expenditure funded by transfers from international sources to government. It is the sum of public, publicly guaranteed, and private nonguaranteed long-term debt, short-term debt, and use of IMF credit. The results are based on surveys of more than 100,000 private firms. Also included are income distributions and urban and rural poverty rates. Dollar figures for GDP are converted from domestic currencies using single year official exchange rates. Long-term external debt is defined as debt that has an original or extended maturity of more than one year and that is owed to nonresidents by residents of an economy and repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops double-cropped areas are counted once , temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country.。 。

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World Development Indicators (Infrastructure) by World Bank

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World Development Indicators (Infrastructure) by World Bank

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Worldbank Search

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World Development Indicators

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World Development Indicators

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World Development Indicators

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World Development Indicators

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WDI

Indicators world development Indicators world development

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